The Saudi-Pakistini relations in the light of the Asian tour of the Saudi prince

The Saudi Prince “Mohammed bin Salman” visited Pakistan last month as a part of his Asian tour that included China and India. That visit resulted in signing $ 20 Billion investment deals in the energy sector, specifically in petrochemicals and refining, while the biggest deal was $10 billion Saudi oil refinery in Gwadar port_ located in the district of Baluchistan near the Pakistani borders with Iran, and it is part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and accordingly part of the Chinese “Road and Belt” initiative.

Indeed, This visit reflected the Kingdom’s interest in maintaining its strong historical relations with Pakistan, being the only Sunni country with nuclear capabilities, benefiting from the abilities of the Pakistani military through mutual trainings, in addition to preventing any advancement in the Pakistani/Iranian relations that may affect the Saudi interests negatively, as both Iran and Pakistan face security concerns because of the Baloch, and on the other hand, the Pakistani need for Iranian gas in the light of the revival of negotiations regarding the common pipeline. While Pakistan wants to maintain the large numbers of its workers in Saudi Arabia as they are considered the main source of foreign currency because of their transactions, its dependency on importing oil, and the need to have a supporting relation in the light of its rival with India and the current turbulences in its relation with the United States, but it seeks to maintain balanced relations with all the regional and international actors, as with Iran while keeping its neutrality in regional disputes.