The impact of international sanctions on the regional system in the Middle East

Initiating from the fact that the internal circumstances of many units in the Middle East (i.e.: Iraq, Libya, Syria, Sudan…etc) have driven them to a situation at which international sanctions were imposed on them, this paper tries to answer a major question; that is: “What is the impact of the international sanctions on the regional system in the Middle East?” this is through analyzing the impact of these sanctions on the policies of regional powers in the Middle East and how this affects coalitions and alliances positively or negatively.   

The paper moves smoothly from analyzing the policies of two of the most important regional powers; these are: Iran and Turkey towards the Middle East, and then it reached the impact of the international sanctions on the regional system in the Middle East -through a detailed discussion- that can be concluded in the following few points:

  1. The American initiative to form an Arab Sunni NATO against the Iranian threat.
  2. A Turkish/Iranian alliance after the sanction imposed by (Saudi Arabia- United Arab Emirates, Al Bahrain, and Egypt) on Qatar.
  3. The creation of an American/Turkish alliance against a Russian/ Iranian/Syrian alliance in the Syrian crises.

Indeed, The researcher indicated that the creation of alliances and coalitions is just the direct impact that international sanctions can have on the regional system in the Middle East, but something that the paper discussed thoroughly is that international sanctions have two faces; sometimes they are effective enough to shift a certain behavior of a state but in many other times the state can seek alternatives that can disable the impact of the sanctions.

Finally, the paper assumed after a very detailed examination of international sanctions in the Middle East that there is still kind of a Western Bias towards some countries against others which is, in the point of view of the researcher, can be best explained by taking a quick look at the Israeli case. 

To read the full study in Arabic click here: 
http://ncmes.org/ar/publications/special-publications/356

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